What Causes Dry Eyes

What Causes Dry Eyes

In order to function properly, the eye depends on the flow of tears to provide constant humidity and a lubricant to keep the vision and comfort. Tears are a combination of water, such as a humidifier agent, Oil, lubricating agent, Mucus, to flatten the propagation; and specific proteins and antibodies, such as resistance to infection. All these components are released from the special glands around the eyes.

Symptoms of the dry eye

The dry eye occurs when the eyes do not produce tears as it should, or when the composition of the fans of the tear is not in the correct consistency and evaporate too quickly. When the tears cannot lubricate the eye properly, you can experience:
  1. Sharp
  2. Sensitivity to light
  3. Sensation of sand in the eyes
  4. Hot, irritating or pungent sensations in the eyes
  5. There are worries in the eyes
  6. Redness
  7. Blurred vision
  8. Tired and watered eyes
  9. Mucus in or around the eyes
If not treated, this condition will cause inflammation, pain, ulcers or scarring on the cornea. In some cases, dry eyes cause visual loss. However, the total loss of vision as a result of the dry eye is a very rare thing.

The dry eye can trigger false tears

People suffering from dry eye can experience falling excess tear production on the cheek. This happens when the eyes are not getting enough lubrication from the eye so that it sends an emergency signal through the nervous system to ask for more lubrication. The nervous system of the eye and then respond to the demands of this urgency with eyes flooded with tears to try to compensate for the drought suffered. But this urgency, tears are made only of water and do not have the quality or composition of the normal tears of lubricant. These false tears can rinse the dirt, but will not cover the eyes well.

The dry eye can make it more difficult to do certain activities, such as reading or using the computer for a long period, and can lessen the tolerance to the dry environment, such as air inside the airplane.

What are the causes of eye dryness?

There are many reasons why you can experience the dry eye, although an exact single cause is not found. The possible causes, among them:

1. Hormonal changes

The hormone stimulates the production of tears. The common hormonal changes encountered by women can increase the risk of dry eye. An example: during pregnancy, menopause, or use contraceptive pills.

2. The Aging process

The dry eye is more frequently experienced by older people. This can be caused by a tear in production decreases with age, and the eyelids become less susceptible to flatten tears through the surface of the eye.

3. A medical condition

Some diseases can have an impact on the ability of the eye glands to produce tears, such as diabetes, arthritis, lupus, and scleroderma, rheumatoid, the syndrome, thyroid disorders, vitamin A deficiency, Bell paralysis, allergies, contact dermatitis, HIV.

Many people who experience the dry eye also have a dysfunction of meibomian gland or blepharitis (MGD). MGD is the inflammation of the limits of the eyelid that could stop the tear glands to produce oil for a layer of tears. Blepharitis can be experienced by anyone, and is usually caused by bacterial infection or other conditions, such as rosacea.
Read : Pink Eye Symptoms (Conjunctivitis)
4. Drugs

The dry eye can be a side effect of ingestion of certain medications, such as antihistamines, decongestant, hormone replacement therapy, antidepressants, high blood pressure medications, acne medications, oral contraceptives, Parkinson's drugs, beta-blockers, and diuretics.

5. Environment and activities

Environmental factors rather than being the main cause, but rather to factors that may aggravate the condition of the dry eye. For example: Dust, smoke, wind, sun, and weather are dry, warm wind, being in high places.
Also, as you read, work in front of a computer screen, writing, or activity that requires the concentration of other visuals, the eyes tend to be more rarely flashing. That is, a layer of tears will evaporate faster than the content process he repeated.

6. Cosmetics

Some people who have never undergone LASIK eye surgery reported experiencing the dry eye a few weeks after surgery. Symptoms usually disappear after a few months, but in some cases may continue. Contact lenses can also irritate the eye and cause the eye to dry.
Read : What is Redness Around Eyes?
7. The question of the structure of the eyelids

Ektropi (inversion of eyelids from inside to outside) and entropy (external eyelids entered) can cause eyes to become dry and irritated skin due to the layer of tears evaporated quickly once exposed to contact with outdoor air permanently.

The dry eye can also occur due to keratitis, a condition where the eyelids do not close completely while sleeping.

How to treat dry eyes?

The treatment of dry eyes only helps to control the symptoms, but there is no cure. Some people may have recurring eye dryness symptoms during their lifetime.

You should discuss treatment options with your eye care specialist. Dry eye treatment may include:
  1. Artificial tears. Mild to moderate dry eye cases can usually be handled with eye care lubricants, such as artificial teardrop drops, gels, and ointments. However, artificial tears is the main therapy for dry eye complaints, as they overcome very similar to natural tears. Artificial tears are sold freely on the market without having to use the recipes. Drops of tears a lot of its kind and a brand is not necessarily suitable for you. It is good to experiment to find a remedy drops that are most effective for you. If you have chronic dry eye, it is recommended to use artificial tears even if you feel there is no problem. Avoid artificial tears with condoms if you need to apply it more than four times a day or treated with chemicals that cause blood vessels to contract.
  2. Eye drops. Some eye drops contain condoms to prevent harmful bacteria from growing in the drug bottle. If your symptoms require that you use eye drops more than six times a day, we recommend using eye drops without preservatives. This is important especially if the doctor has to tell you that you have severe symptoms of the dry eye. Preservatives are used in large quantities or over a period (month or year) can damage the delicate cells on the surface of the eye or cause inflammation. If you are wearing soft contact lenses (softlens), you may also need to use a preservative-free lubricant, because the preservative residues stick to a contact lens and eye damage.
  3. Wear glasses. Select the reading or sunglasses that fit near the face or that have a side shield to help slow the evaporation of tears from the surface of the eye. , air purifier to filter dust and other particles can help prevent dry eyes. A humidifier can also help to add moisture to the air. If you are a contact lens carrier, change the type of lens or limit the frequency at which you use it usually helps relieve the symptoms of the dry eye. In addition, you can try to replace the lens cleaning solution or the lubricant drops are preservative free.
  4. Avoid dry conditions. Make sure that your eyes to get enough rest when performing activities that require you to use the eyes in a long time. Apply medicated ophthalmic drops during This Saturday routine.
  5. Drink water and a nutritional intake will suffice. Drinking plenty of water will help keep the mucous membranes keep your eyes moist. Try to eat more foods rich in omega-3 fats — flax grains, nuts and fatty fish like salmon and cod.
  6. Do not rub the eye. Try to blink more often when you read, write, drive, or work in front of the monitor to spread tears evenly across the surface of the eye. Also, avoid rubbing your eyes too hard, which could aggravate your symptoms.
That's the cause of dry eye, may be useful.


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