Dry Eye Symptoms, Causes and Remedy

Dry Eye Symptoms, Causes and Remedy

The disease of the dry eyes is a condition of the eye that knows a shortage of fluid due to volatile tears or the production of tear is too little.

Other names of the disease dry eye keratoconjunctivitis sicca or is the dry eye syndrome. A person who experiences this disease will get symptoms, such as:

  1. Red eyes
  2. Swollen eyes
  3. The eye feels warm
  4. Eye pain
  5. The eye feels gritty and dry
  6. Itchy eyes
  7. The vision becomes sensitive to the sun
  8. Blurred vision while improving by flashing
  9. The existence of a thin mucous membrane around the eyes
  10. The upper and lower eyelids stick to each other by waking up.

The severity of dry eye disease varies from mild to severe with pain or even with complications. In most cases, perceived symptoms are classified as benign.

The Causes of the dry eye

The descent or disturbance of the production of the tears, as well as the tears evaporate too quickly in the case of the disease of the dry eyes can be triggered by several factors, among them:
  1. Age (the majority of cases, dry eye disease occurs on older people).
  2. Hormonal changes, such as when you are pregnant, when you use the contraceptive pill, and when towards the time of menopause.
  3. Activities and habits that cause the blinking frequency of the eyes decrease for example reading, work in front of a computer, and write.
  4. Certain diseases, for example, dysfunction of the meibomian gland, blepharitis, contact dermatitis, rheumatoid arthritis, the syndrome of the thyroid, allergic conjunctivitis, HIV, scleroderma, Bell paralysis and lupus
  5. Eye injuries
  6. Exposure to radiation
  7. Side effects of contact lens wear
  8. Side effects of laser eye surgery
  9. Side effects of medications (e.g., antidepressants, diuretics, beta-blockers and antihistamines)
  10. Environment (like life in a high area, or dry area, hot air condition, and windy).
Read : Pink Eye Symptoms (Conjunctivitis)
Dry Eye Diagnosis

The examination of dry eye diseases can be done by a specialist eye by looking at the signs that look in the eyes, as well as the symptoms felt by the victim. In addition to regular checks with, sometimes the Doctor also requires special examination techniques to strengthen the analysis.

One of the types of tests to determine which patients are affected by dry eye disease or not is the Schirmer test. Through these tests, the doctor will measure the dryness of the eyes through the fixing of special pieces of paper that can absorb the liquid in the lower eyelid for 5 minutes. If the length of time in a wet area on paper is less than 10 millimetres, patients who suffer from dry eye disease.

To find out how fast the tears are drying up, the doctor can do a test called fluorescein dye test. A test in which a special dye liquid has helped with yellow and orange can also be used to detect any damage to the surface of the eye.

In addition to the fluorescein dye test, the surface damage of the eye can also be detected with the green Lissamine test.

Dry Eye Treatment

Before going to the doctor, try the first symptoms of the dry eye. Use eye drops that are sold in pharmacies that have the benefits as moisturizing the eye or as a substitute for tears.

If the treatment you do yourself at home does not work, then consult a doctor. By a doctor, you will usually be prescribed medications that can stimulate the production of tear or increase the amount of tears, as well as lowering the risk of damage to the cornea.


Prevention of Eye dryness

Dry eye diseases can be avoided by:
  1. Keep the eye and the surrounding area clean.
  2. Protect your eyes from exposure to dust if you live in the dry and windy.
  3. Using air humidifiers The products are freely sold on the market.
  4. Avoid wearing eye makeup such as eyeliner and mascara.
  5. Consume foods rich in substances, omega-3 and omega-7.
  6. Protect your eyes from exposure to smoke when you are on the highway.
  7. Rest your eyes if it feels tense or tired after working all day in front of a computer screen.
That's a symptom of dry eye, how to treat and prevent dry eye. May be useful.



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