13 Type 2 Diabetes Management, To Reduce The Symptoms

13 Type 2 Diabetes Management, To Reduce The Symptoms

Diabetics are a disease hard to cure. But with awareness and the earlier examination may help to control diabetes. Next is doing diabetes treatment that aims to keep the sugar levels in the blood to keep it balanced. How to manage and handle diabetes for prevent diabetes complications.

The Ways To Control Type 2 Diabetes

Choosing A Healthy Lifestyle

This is an initial treatment for patients with type 2 diabetes at the same time it helps process processing and prevent complications. These simple steps are:
  1. Lose weight, especially for those who are experiencing overweight or obesity (weight index of 30 or more).
  2. Stop smoking because it can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in people with diabetes.
  3. To implement a healthy diet, for example, to increase the consumption of foods rich in fiber, avoiding fatty or sweet foods.
  4. Regular exercise, at least 2.5 hours in a week.
  5. Restrict or stop consuming alcoholic beverages. Alcohol content in liquor may increase the risk of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia. Do not consume alcoholic beverages at the time of an empty stomach.
  6. Ocular conditions checked regularly. The frequency of routine eye examination is recommended once every 2 years.
  7. Maintain foot condition. Foot ulcers are a common complication experienced by patients with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, keep your condition upright and be careful with cuts that could not cure.
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Cure for Type 2 diabetes

Balancing blood sugar levels in diabetes can sometimes not wake up well only through the application of a healthy eating pattern and regular exercise. You may also need medication to handle it.

There are several types of medications (usually in the form of tablets) that can be used for type 2 diabetes. You may also be given a combination of two or more types of drugs to control blood sugar levels.

Reduce blood sugar levels with metformin

Metformin works by reducing the levels of sugar transmitted to the heart's blood flow and makes the body more insulin-sensitive. This is the first drug that is often recommended for patients with type 2 diabetes.

Unlike other medications, metformin does not cause weight gain. Therefore the drug is usually given to the patients who experience excess weight.

But metformin can sometimes cause mild side effects, such as nausea and diarrhea. Doctors also do not recommend this drug for diabetics who experience kidney problems.

Increase the productivity of the hormone insulin with sulfonylurea

The Sulfonylurea function enhances the production of insulin in the pancreas. Diabetics who cannot drink metformin or are not overweight can receive this medication. If metformin was less effective in controlling blood sugar levels, the doctor may be mengombinasikannya with sulfonylurea. Examples of these drugs are glipizide, glimepiride, Glibenclamide, Gliquidone and Gliclazide.

Sulfonylurea will increase insulin levels in the body so that it can increase the risk of hypoglycemia if there is an error in its use. These drugs also have side effects such as weight gain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Triggering insulin with pioglitazone

Pioglitazone is usually combined with metformin, sulfonylurea, or both. This medicine will activate the cells of the body to be more sensitive to insulin, so more glucose is transferred in the blood.

These drugs can cause weight gain and swelling of the ankle. It is not recommended to drink pioglitazone if you have ever experienced heart failure or at risk of a fracture.

Type 2 Diabetes Management

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Gliptin (DPP-4 inhibitor) as a preventive solution for GLP-1

Gliptin or barrier to DPP-4 prevents rupture of the hormone GLP-1 (peptides similar to glucagon-1). GLP-1 is a hormone that plays a role in the production of insulin when blood sugar levels are high. Thus, Gliptin helped raise insulin levels when sugar levels increase.

Gliptin (for example, Sitagliptin, Saxagliptin, Linagliptin, and vildagliptin) may inhibit the increased high blood sugar levels without causing hypoglycemia. This medicine does not cause weight gain and is usually given if the patients could not drink sulfonylurea or glitazone, or combined with both.

SGLT-2 inhibitor that impacted urine analysis

The SGLT-2 inhibitor would improve the sugar levels are emitted through the urine. However, this drug increases the risk of urinary tract infection and genitals for people with diabetes.

This drug is recommended when metformin and DPP-4 are not suitable for use by persons with. Examples of SGLT-2 inhibitors include Dapagliflozin, Canagliflozin, and Empagliflozin.
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The GLP-1 agonist as an insulin trigger without risk of hypoglycemia

LPG-1 agonists have a similar yield to that of a GLP-1 natural hormone. This drug is administered through injections to stimulate insulin production when blood sugar levels are high without triggering the risk of hypoglycemia.

Acarbose to slow down digestion of carbohydrates

Acarbose slows down the process of digestion of carbohydrates in sugars. These drugs prevent you from increasing blood sugar levels that are too fast after eating diabetics.

This medicine may cause side effects of diarrhea and flatulence. Acarbose is also rarely used to treat type 2 diabetes, except if the patient is not fit to drink other medications.

Nateglinide and Repaglinide to release insulin in the bloodstream


Both drugs will stimulate the pancreas to release more insulin in the bloodstream. The function of Nateglinide and repaglinide can not survive long, but effective when taken before a meal. Although rarely used, which are recommended when the patient has a full schedule at hours are not uncommon.

All drugs have side effects, including Nateglinide and Repaglinide. The side effects of these two drugs are hypoglycemia and weight gain.
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Insulin therapy as a companion to other drugs

Tablets may be less effective for the treatment of diabetes, so you need insulin therapy. Based on the dosage and way of life, this therapy can be given to replace or concede concurrently with the above medicines.

Other commonly needed drugs suffer from type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetics are at increased risk for complications (heart disease, stroke, or kidney disease). Physicians usually suggest the following medications to reduce the risk of complications:
  1. Medications to reduce hypertension
  2. Statins (e.g., simvastatin) to reduce high cholesterol levels.
  3. Drugs such as ACE inhibitors, lisinopril, enalapril, Ramipril, or when there is an indication of diabetic renal disease. The progression of the disease that is characterized by the presence of protein albumin in the urine is curable if treated promptly.
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Monitoring blood sugar levels

The risk of hypoglycemia (blood sugar levels too low) usually accompanies type 2 diabetics who use insulin or tablets in a particular control of their blood sugar levels. Mild symptoms of hypoglycemia include weakness, palpitations, and hunger.

Initial management for diabetics experiencing hypoglycemia is by taking a source of carbohydrates (glucose tablets or sugary beverages) that can be absorbed quickly. After that, the patient may be consuming a carbohydrate source that can last much longer as a piece of wafer sandwiches, piece, or eat the fruit.

The above steps are generally able to increase blood sugar levels to return to normal. But this process can take several hours. Severe hypoglycemia leads to diabetics feeling dazed, drowsy, even loss of consciousness. By experiencing this condition, diabetics should be given an injection of glucagon (a hormone that can increase blood sugar levels rapidly) directly over the muscle or vein.

Diabetes Consists of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, well above is a way to control and treat diabetes type 2. May be useful for those who have diabetes and may recover osphronemidae.



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